Innovations as a way of the USA´s competitiveness
1. Tomsk Polytechnic University
Despite of the fact, that the leader on quantity of the Global Innovation Index has been Switzerland for several years (Index is 68.3), the United States of America have one of the most powerful innovation infrastructure in the world and hold 5th place (Index is 60.1). The development of positive innovation climate is one of the most significant political direction in the USA. Fundamental achievements in the sphere of innovations are officially recognized as the base for economic growth. The problem of development of science and technologies has acquired essential importance in order to achieve national goals. In this way, the most effective principles of distribution of state funds for research and development in priority areas for national economy are worked out in the USA. The government creates various favorable terms for innovations’ development, whereupon this country can be named a leader in the field of technological achievements now. Mobility promotion policy between research institutions and industry is based mainly on the idea of removing barriers in the labor market: regime of entry and employment is simplifying, the variety of training programs is increasing.
Ключевые слова: innovations, National Innovation System, Innovation System of the USA, innovation clusters, financing of innovations, research and development, innovation policy.
Krikunova A.A. Innovations as a way of the USA´s competitiveness // Journal of Economics and Social Sciences. – 2017. – № 9;
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