Training motor actions for athletes using modelling method
1. Tomsk Polytechnic University
The approaches to training athletes based on biomechanical analysis of movements allow us to identify the mechanisms of movement patterns, which determine the optimal performance of sport movement. In this paper we consider the basic motion skill of the basketball game and describe a biomechanical analysis of the hand movements while throwing. It is determined the athletes have motion stereotype with consistent involvement of all necessary anatomical links in the act of throwing; there is a correction and stabilization of motion presented by professional players, however, the unskilled athletes don not have it. It is concluded that the push is made by whole hand at once; there are no signs of motion decomposition into smaller tasks and their consistent implementation. The results confirm the need to develop an optimal scheme for training players, which is based not on practicing hits into the ring but on the formation of the general scheme of the throw. Therefore, the most reasonable approach is to design an optimal model of jump short based on a biomechanical analysis and skills formation based on information technology.
Keywords: motion tracking, biomechanical analysis, motion patterns, Basketball